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Skincare 101: How to Build a Basic Skincare Routine

Skincare 101: How to Build a Basic Skincare Routine

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When it comes to the skin, it is important to ensure that one is consistently using products that would work for them. To achieve this, it is important to build a skincare regime personalized for one’s skin based on several factors including their skin type and skincare needs. This allows the user to properly take care of their skin as well as directly targeting any skincare issues to achieve clear skin.

The perfect skincare routine should consider a few factors and include certain fundamental products.

Related post: Skincare 101: Top 25 skincare products for 2019

Things to consider when building a skincare routine
  1. Your skin type
  2. The basic skincare products
  3. What works for your skin
  4. Best steps to use products

how to build a skincare routine

Must have products in your skincare routine

Cleanser

This should be the first product to be used in a skincare regime. It is generally used to wash the face to remove any dirt and makeup. Cleansing twice a day (in the morning and at nighttime) is recommended. If you wore makeup throughout the day, make sure that you are double cleansing or triple cleansing (explained in the video). When choosing a cleanser, ensure that the cleanser is formulated for your skin type.

Toner

These are liquid skincare products that remove leftover dirt from the skin after cleansing. It is essential to tone the complexion of the skin by making it even as well as leaving the skin hydrated. To choose the right toner, choose toners that are plant-based (such as green tea or rose water), contains vitamins, minerals, or other skincare power ingredients.

Moisturiser

This is the third essential/basic skincare product. As we get older, the skin also gets older and so losses its ability to retain moisture especially at night. When choosing a moisturiser, ensure that it contains one or more humectants. The more hydrated the skin is, the healthier it is.

Sunscreen

One of the most important skincare product but yet its significance is so undervalued. Sunscreens protect the skin from UV rays from the sun. These UV rays weaken elastin and collagen which are important for skin elasticity. Subsequently, causing skin problems including wrinkles, fine lines, hyperpigmentation, etc. Choose a sunscreen that contains at least SPF 30. This blocks about 97% of UV rays. With a sunscreen of SPF 30, it will take 300 seconds for the skin to burn compared to 10 seconds for the skin to burn without sunscreen.

Related post: Skincare 101: Top 10 skincare brands in 2019

General tips to build a skincare routine
  1. Invest in good skincare products
  2. Stick to natural-based skincare products where possible (although sometimes non-natural products can work better than its natural counterpart)
  3. Check the ingredients to ensure it doesn’t contain harmful ingredients such as parabens, parfum, sodium sulfates, petroleum, etc.
  4. Ensure that product(s) will work for your skin type
  5. Products should be fit for purpose. Do they target your skin concern(s)?
  6. Ensure that the main ingredient is water (aqua in Latin)
  7. Contains glycerin or other humectants to keep skin hydrated especially for dry skin
  8. Choose skincare products that are non-comedogenic
  9. If you wear makeup, have more than one cleanser: one to dissolve makeup (such as micellar water gel cleansers or oil cleansers) and a general cleanser

Terms and meaning
  1. Double cleansing: the use of one or more cleansers at one time. For instance, removing makeup with an oil-based cleanser and then wash the face with a foam cleanser.
  2. Triple cleaning: related to double-cleansing. Cleansing the face with three different cleansers at one time.
  3. Humectant: an ingredient that retains water by attracting water
  4. Hyperpigmentation: darker areas in the skin caused by acne, sun damage or excess melanin
  5. UV rays: ultraviolet rays
  6. Elastin: a protein in the skin that helps to retain skin elasticity
  7. Collagen: a protein in the skin that provides the skin with a structure
  8. Elasticity: the ability for skin to return to normal after stretching
  9. SPF: sun protection factor
  10. SPF 15: blocks out 93% of UV rays
  11. SPF 50: blocks out 98% of UV rays
  12. Non-comedogenic: does not clog the pore of the skin

 

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